A conjunction is a word that links words, phrases, or clauses. There are three types of conjunctions.
coordinating conjunctions for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
correlative conjunctions both...and, either...or, neither...nor, not only...but also.
subordinating conjunctions after, although, because, if.
Coordinating conjunctions may join single words, or they may join groups of words, but they must always join similar elements: e.g. subject+subject, verb phrase+verb phrase, sentence+sentence.
Coordinating conjunctions are: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
|Conjunction||What is linked||Example|
|and||noun phrase + noun phrase||
|but||sentence + sentence||
|or||verb + verb||
|so||sentence + sentence||
Note : A noun phrase is either a single noun or pronoun or a group of words containing a noun or a pronoun that function together as a noun or pronoun, as the subject or object of a verb.
Correlative conjunctions are always used in pairs. They join similar elements.
Correlative conjunctions are: both...and, not only...but also, either...or, neither...nor, whether...or.
|Correlative conjunctions||What is linked||Example|
|both...and||subject + subject||
|either...or||noun + noun||
|neither...nor||subject + subject||
|not only...but also||sentence + sentence||
A subordinating conjunction is a word which joins together a dependent (subordinate) clause and an independent clause.
A clause is a unit which contains a subject and a verb. For example, "It was snowing" is a clause; the subject is "it", "it", and the verb is "was snowing".
A dependent clause is a clause which cannot exist on its own; it needs a main (or independent) clause to go with it.
Example: Because it was snowing, I drove to work.
This sentence contains two clauses,"Because it was snowing" and "I drove to work". The first clause does not mean anything on its own. . If you say "Because it was snowing" and nothing else, people will not be able to understand what you mean. However "I drove to work" is an independent clause - we can understand what it means even if it is alone. In this example “because” is the subordinate conjunction.
Prepositions are a class of words that indicate relationships between nouns, pronouns and other words in a sentence. Most often they come before a noun.
The good news is that they never change their form, regardless of the case, gender etc. of the word they are referring to
Prepositions are classified as simple or compound.
Simple prepositions are single word prepositions - across, after, at, before, between, by, during, from, in, into, of, on, to, through, under, with and without are all single word prepositions.
Compound prepositions are more than one word - in between and because of - are prepositions made up of two words - in front of, on behalf of are prepositions made up of three words.
Prepositions can be used to show movement. For example: to, through, across.
We use to to show movement with the aim of a specific destination.
We use through to show movement from one side of an enclosed space to the other side.
We use across to show movement from one side of a surface or line to another.
Prepositions can be used to show where something is located.The prepostions - at, on, in
We use at to show a specific place or position.
We use on to show position on a horizontal or vertical surface.
We also use on to show a position on streets, roads, etc.
We use in to show that something is enclosed or surrounded.
We also use in to show position within land-areas (towns, counties, states, countries, and continents).
Prepositions can be used to show when something happens. (time, day, date, month, year, morning, afternoon, evening,night, season)
Prepositions of time - at, on, in.